The study of earth, the materials it is made in, the structure of the materials, and the processes acting upon them. Geology includes the study of living organisms on our planet. The vital
part of Geology is the study of how Earth’s materials, structures, processes and organisms evolve over time.
What Geologists do
Geologists work on the understanding of our planet and its history. The more geologists can comprehend the history of planet Earth, the better they can foresee how events and processes in
the past can have an influence on the future.
The following are some examples of how geologist carry out their studies and research:
How Geologists study earth processes
Many processes/occurrences such as volcanic eruptions, floods, earthquakes and landslides can prove dangerous to people and animals. Geologists work on understanding these occurrences well
enough and put precautions and measures in place as to avoid loss of life and material objects that may be places in harms way.
A typical example of how geologists can prepare maps of areas that are predisposed to floods is to study areas that have flooded in the past years. That way they can prepare maps of areas
that might be flooded in the future. Such maps can be of help in guiding the development of communities and indicate where flood protection or flood insurance is required.
How Geologists study Earth materials
People use earth materials daily. They use oil that is comes from wells, metals that come from mines, and water that has been drawn from streams or underground diggings. Geologist conduct
research and studies and locate rocks and Earth minerals that have important materials such as metals and plan the mines that produce them, the methods used to extract the metals from the
rocks. They do similar work to find and produce oil, natural gas and groundwater to name a few examples.
How Geologists study earth history
Currently one of the most important topics concerning humans on planet Earth is climate change. Many geologists have conducted and some are currently working on important research of how
earth’s climate has changed through time.
This information is valuable in understanding how our current climate is changing and what the results of this change might be.
A Career in Geology
Geologist can work in many different fields such as: natural resource companies, environmental consulting companies, government agencies, non-profit organizations, and universities. Many do
fields work part time.
Others spend their time in laboratories, classrooms or offices. As a geologist you will conduct research and prepare reports, do calculations based on data findings that may reveal
possible trends and outcomes.
Possible Career Opportunities
- Engineering geologist
- Drilling engineer
- Environmental consultant
- Geophysical data processor
- Minerals surveyor